« Back

History

History

The city is an historically important town north of Patiala, especially for the Sikh faith. Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, marks the site of the live entombment of the two younger sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh of the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 12 December 1705, by the Governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan,[1] the place is the today commemorated by Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of the Sirhind.[2]

The name 'Fatehgarh', refers to the 'Town of Victory', because in 1710 Sikhs under the leadership of Banda Bahadur overran the area and razed the fort that was built during Balban's rule to the ground.

Nihang at the Jor Mela held every year in December to commemorate the martyrdom of the kin of Guru Gobind Singh.

                                                                                  Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup Sahib is about 1 km from Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh and his two younger sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh were cremated. Wazir Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it. Todar Mal, who was an ardent devotee of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as demanded. And thus etched his name in the annals of Sikh history and earned the salutation of Deewan.

The town is surrounded by four memorial gates, each in the memory of four important figures from the Sikh history associated with Sirhind. These are: Deewan Todar Mal, Nawab Sher Muhammed Khan, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and Baba Moti Ram Mehra. Each person belonged to different castes/religions, thus depicting the harmony and brotherhood among people of those times.